Ofcom is responsible for managing civilian use of the radio spectrum. Our work involves releasing spectrum for new uses as well as developing policies to ensure that the spectrum is used efficiently.
Given the value to citizens and consumers of services that are enabled by spectrum, managing spectrum is a significant responsibility. To ensure maximum benefit is realised for UK consumers and citizens from spectrum use, we seek to provide efficient and effective access to spectrum, including incentives for its efficient use and to enable spectrum to move to higher value uses and users.
Our priorities for securing optimal use of spectrum for 2014/15 are set out in the Annual Plan.
Ofcom was responsible for organising a full spectrum plan for the Glasgow Commonwealth Games 2014. This included licensing wireless users and managing any cases of interference.
Prepare for the award of the 2.3 GHz and 3.4 GHz bands and the potential change of use of the 700 MHz band
Prepare for a potential change of use of the 700 MHz band
Our consultation on future use of the 700 MHz band sets out our proposals to make the spectrum in the 700 MHz band available for mobile broadband from 2022 or possibly up to two years earlier.
Consultation closes: 29 August 2014
Prepare for the award of the 2.3 GHz and 3.4 GHz bands
Ofcom will be managing the release of 190 MHz of radio spectrum formerly used by the Ministry of Defence for military purposes. 40 MHz is located in the 2.3 GHz band and 150 MHz above 3.4 GHz; this spectrum is suitable for mobile broadband uses.
Enable the use of white space devices and investigate opportunities for further appropriate sharing of bands
TV white spaces
White spaces is the name given to parts of spectrum that are unused in a particular location and time. White space technology is now being piloted in the UK and the pilot is among the first of its kind in Europe. The pilot will use the white spaces that exist between airwaves primarily used for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting (470 MHz to 790 MHz).
Growing and competing demands for spectrum will require a mix of spectrum re-purposing and increased sharing. Technology improvements will go some way to meeting these increased demands by enabling more information to be carried over a given amount of spectrum. However, we expect that the net effect of growing demands and changes in technology will still lead to increased pressures on access to spectrum in some specific frequency ranges.
Increasing shared access to spectrum amongst different uses becomes critical as technical and regulatory developments, such as dynamic shared access, enable more efficient re-use of spectrum where and when it is really needed. We are undertaking a broad systematic review of spectrum bands to identify potential sharing opportunities and highlight different categories of sharing based on different types of users in a given band.
Please see the Spectrum management strategy and the The future role of spectrum sharing for mobile and wireless data services - Licensed sharing, Wi-Fi, and dynamic spectrum access for further information.
Spectrum management strategy
Ofcom’s spectrum management strategy establishes the strategic approach and priorities for managing radio spectrum for the next decade.
The strategic approach relies on market mechanisms where possible and effective, and on regulatory action where necessary. It also places specific emphasis on: exploring opportunities for spectrum sharing; managing the co-existence of different services and promoting technology improvements that minimise interference; providing more information on how spectrum is used in the UK; and leading the debate on key international spectrum issues.
The priorities are: future mobile data demand, the future of the 700MHz band and free-to-view TV, Public Sector Spectrum Release, Programme Making and Special Events, Internet of Things applications and the Emergency Services.
Mobile data strategy
Our mobile data strategy is our long term strategy to address the increasing use of data by mobile devices like smartphones, tablets and laptops. There are a number of ways to increase the capacity of mobile networks to deal with this growth, such as more efficient technology and greater use of small cells, but use of additional spectrum is likely to be part of the solution. Our mobile data strategy identifies spectrum bands for potential mobile use and prioritises our efforts on these. It describes what we plan to do to better understand the possibilities for each band, and, where appropriate, ensure there is an option for future mobile use.
In 2010 we published our Strategic Review of Spectrum Pricing, which set out the general principles and methodology that we use to set spectrum fees, known generically as 'spectrum pricing'. This review includes both AIP fees based on the opportunity cost of the spectrum used, and fees that reflect our costs.
Our 2014 statement, Spectrum Pricing: A framework for setting cost based fees, builds on the 2010 strategic review. The statement sets out our decision to adopt a Wireless Telegraphy Act fees framework and cost allocation methodology for licence classes where we apply cost based fees.
‘White spaces’ is the name given to parts of spectrum that are unused in a particular location and time.
White space technology is now being piloted in the UK and the pilot is among the first of its kind in Europe.
The pilot will use the white spaces that exist between airwaves primarily used for digital terrestrial TV broadcasting (470 MHz to 790 MHz).
Use of these white spaces will allow devices to transmit and receive wireless signals for applications such as broadband access for rural communities, Wi-Fi-like services or new machine-to-machine networks.
Compared with other forms of wireless technologies, such as regular Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, the radio waves used by white space devices will be able to travel larger distances and easily through walls as they would use UHF frequencies.
The use of white space technology will be one way of meeting the growing demand for mobile data in the UK.
Latest Press Release
On 28 May 2014, Ofcom published a consultation on future use of the 700 MHz band - Cost-benefit analysis of changing its use to mobile services alongside associated reports. The consultation closes on 29 August 2014.
The consultation sets out our proposals to make spectrum in the 700 MHz band available for mobile broadband from 2022 or possibly up to two years earlier. It presents our assessment of the costs and benefits of such a change and invites comments on our proposals as part of a public consultation.
Digital terrestrial television (DTT) and Programme Making and Special Events (PMSE) services currently use the 700 MHz band as well as other frequencies. DTT provides UK viewers with high quality free to view television and PMSE underpins many important cultural and social activities.
The proposed change would involve moving parts of these services from the 700 MHz band to other frequencies. However, it should also result in significant benefits to citizens and consumers, such as improvements to mobile networks and cheaper mobile broadband services.
We need to ensure that any change that occurs safeguards the important benefits that DTT and PMSE services deliver to citizens and consumers. The document explains how it would be possible to make the 700 MHz band available to mobile broadband without compromising the benefits provided by DTT or PMSE, and without causing significant disruption to television viewers.
Following this consultation, we expect to reach decisions on any potential changes in use of the 700 MHz spectrum band in late 2014 or early 2015.